Appendix A – Current Tribal Status

 

Table A1

Algonquian Speakers – Primarily Northeastern Tribes

 

Tribe

Tribal Status

Montagnais-Naskapi

Settlements in Labrador and Quebec

Micmac

Tribe in Eastern Canada

Malecite

New Brunswick and small tribe in Maine

Beothuk

Extinct

Algonkin

Quebec and Ontario

Penobscot

Maine and Canada

Passamaquoddy

Maine and New Brunswick

Abnaki

Maine, Vermont and Canada

Pennacook

Extinct

Narraganset

No tribe – a few individuals of mixed blood remain

Pequot

Small reservation in Connecticut

Niantic, Western

Extinct

Mohegan

Small tribe in Connecticut

Wampanoag

Reservation on Martha’s Vineyard, remnant tribe in Bermuda

Pocomtuc

Extinct

Nipmuc

Small reservation and small tribe in Massachusetts

Nauset

Most of Mashpee Wampaoag are descendants of this tribe.

Susquehanna

Extinct

Honniasont

Extinct

Massachuset

2 small communities

Wenrohronon

Extinct

Wappinger

Extinct

Montauk

No tribe - A few mixed blood individuals in NY

Mahican

Part of combined tribe in Wisconsin

Iroquois

Exist today in NY, Canada, WI, OK

Delaware

Exist in Oklahoma

Nanticote

Extinct

 

 


Table A2

Virginia – North Carolina Tribes

 

Tribe

Tribal Status

Conoy

Extinct, participate with Piscataway Nation in Virginia

Manahoac

Extinct

Meherrin

Tribe in Hertford Co., NC.

Monacan

Tribe in Amherst Co., VA

Nahyssan

Extinct

Nottoway

Tribe in Virginia

Occaneechi

Small band of the Saponi in Alamance Co., NC

Powhatan

2 small reservations in Virginia

Saponi

3 groups in NC (Person, Halifax and Alamance Counties), one group in Missouri

Tutelo

Extinct

Cape Fear Indians

Extinct

Cheraw

Extinct as a tribe, but may be among the Lumbee and Catawba

Chawanac

Extinct

Coree

Extinct, integrated with Machapungo

Eno

Extinct

Hatteras

Extinct, currently a rejuvenation attempt underway

Keyauwee*

Extinct, one group integrated with Cheraw and another believed to have integrated with Lumbee

Machapungo

Individuals remain on inner banks of NC, integrated with the Mattamuskeet Indians.  Mattamuskeet coalition exists in NC.

Moratok

Extinct

Neusiok

Extinct

Pamlico

Extinct

Shakori

Extinct

Sissipahaw

Extinct

Tuscarora

Left NC before 1800, tribe exists in NY and Canada, 5 NC bands

Weapemeoc

Extinct

Woccon

Extinct

Yadkin

Extinct

Catawba

Formed tribe in 1970s in SC

*  Men were noted to have facial hair in 1700s which may indicate admixture (SCIH, 2009).

 

 


Table A3

South Carolina – Primarily Iroquoian Speakers

 

Tribe

Tribal Status

Congaree

Extinct, remnants joined Catawba

Cusabo

Extinct

Pedee (also PeeDee)

Extinct, remnants joined Catawba and some remained among white settlers

Saluda

Extinct

Santee

2 organizations in SC, many joined Catawba and went to Oklahoma

Sewee

Extinct

Sugeree

Extinct

Waccamaw

Band in SC

Wateree

Extinct

Waxhaw

Extinct

Winyaw

Extinct

Shawnee

Tribe exists in Oklahoma

 

 


Table A4

Southernmost Tribes – Primarily Muskhogean Speakers

 

Tribe

Tribal Status

Apalachicola

Extinct, moved to Oklahoma in 1836 but were absorbed into Creeks

Chiaha

Extinct

Guale

Extinct

Hitchiti

Extinct, absorbed into the Creek

Oconee

Extinct, some became Seminole

Okmulgee

Extinct

Tamathli

Extinct

Yamasee

Extinct, survivors integrated into Seminole

Yuchi

Extinct, many joined Creek or Shawnee

Ais

Extinct

Apalachee

Small tribe in Louisiana

Calusa

Extinct

Chatot[1]

Extinct

Agua Dulce

Extinct

Mikasuki

Tribe in Florida

Pensacola

Extinct

Pohoy

Extinct

Potano

Extinct

Saturiwa

Extinct

Seminole

Tribe in Florida

Tawasa

Extinct

Tekesta

Extinct, went to Cuba in 1763

Yui

Extinct

Yustaga

Extinct

Alabama

Extinct

Koasati

Extinct, remnants joined the Creeks and moved to Oklahoma

Mobile

Extinct

Muklasa

Extinct

Osochi

Extinct

Sawokli

Extinct

Tuskegee

To Oklahoma during removal, remnants may exist near Beggs, Oklahoma, no tribe.

Biloxi

Tunica-Biloxi reservation in Louisiana

Chakchiuma

Extinct, remnants incorporated into Chicasaw and Choctaw

Griga

Extinct

Houma

Tribe in Louisiana

Ibitoupa

Extinct

Koroa

Extinct

Natchez

Natchez-Kusso Tribe of SC, remnants of the Louisiana band of Natchez

Pascagoula

Extinct

Taposa

Extinct

Tunica

Tunica-Biloxi reservation in Louisiana

Yazoo

Extinct

 


Table A5

Major Tribes

 

Tribe

Tribal Status[2]

Cree

Largest group in First Nations in Canada

Neutrals

Extinct

Iroquois

Tribes and groups today in NY, Canada, WI and OK

Eastern Cherokee

Tribe in Cherokee, NC

Western Cherokee

Tribe in Oklahoma

Utina

Extinct

Muskogee (Creek)

Tribe in Oklahoma

Chicasaw

Tribe in Oklahoma

Choctaw

Tribe in Oklahoma

 

 

 

References

 

SCIH--South Carolina Information Highway (2009)  South Carolina – Indians, Native Americans – Keyauwee.  http://www.sciway.net/hist/indians/keyauwee.html

 

 


 



[1] May have been mixed race.  Spoke French and Choctaw.  French settlement nearby in 1709.

[2] Many tribes have not existed uninterrupted.  Several have reorganized in the 1900s, some very recently, to reclaim their heritage.  Tribe as used here does not indicate state or federal recognition, only that an organization referred to as a tribe exists.